According to the Chinese lunisolar calendar, The Chinese New Year 2020 or the Spring Festival starts on Saturday, January 25th and for over 1000 years it has been the most important and widely celebrated holiday in the world.
Associated with many fascinating legends and customs, it is a time for honoring deities and ancestors, full of prayers, offerings, and other acts of devotion.
Chinese New Year Celebration
The date of the Festival fluctuates but falls in either January or February. Chinese Year 4716 starts on January 25 of 2020 and it’s the year of Yang Metal Rat (Geng Zi).
Chinese New Year is also called “Spring Festival” and “Lunar New Year” because it falls in spring and is dated based on the Chinese lunar calendar.
Each Chinese New Year is designated as one of the 12 animals of the Chinese Zodiac. 2020 is the year of the Metal Rat. Other recent Rat years are 1912, 1924, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008, 2020, 2032.
The Rat is the first year in the 12-year cycle of the Chinese zodiac. After this lunar year, the next year is Year of the Ox. The Rat is a “yang” and also a water sign. The closest Western correspondent sign is the Sagittarius.
According to legend, the order of the Chinese zodiac animals representing the year has been decided by a race. The Rat is the first animal out of 12 Chinese zodiac signs, while the Pig is the last.
The Chinese mythology claims that Nian was a creature that lived under the sea or on top of mountains. It is said that every year at the beginning of the Spring Festival, the Nian would come out of hiding to eat the crops and sometimes the villagers. People discovered how to scare him away with red lanterns and explosions of fireworks, which led the traditional New Year’s celebration.
Fireworks, traditional lion and dragon dances, lanterns display and street performances mark the 15 days festival, culminating with the Lantern Festival, which takes place on the last day of the Chinese New Year.
The bamboo used to be set of fire to keep evil spirits away, which might have been giving rise to the present day fireworks. The Lunar New Year is celebrated worldwide in countries with big Chinese communities, including Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia.
What are some traditions during Chinese New Year?
In Chinese and other Asian cultures, a red envelope is a monetary gift, usually given to children on New Year for prosperity and good luck. It is customary that both the envelopes and the money inside are brand new.
Firecrackers and fireworks are set off at midnight to send away the old year and welcome the new one.
On New Year’s Eve, at midnight, the doors and windows are opened to let the old year go out.
Any haircuts need to be completed before the New Year, as cutting hair on this day is considered bad luck. Getting a new haircut before the New Year is believed to keep the evil spirits away.
Silk, paper and bamboo dragons are part of the New Year celebration. Dragons are legendary creatures that are helpful and friendly. They are known to scare away evil spirits, bring wisdom, good luck, wealth and prosperity.
The superstitious Chinese people can consult an Almanac in order to find out which is the best time and direction to leave the house on New Year’s Day.
What foods are served on Chinese New Year?
The long uncut noodles represent longevity, which is why it’s one of the main dishes on New Year. Other dishes that bring luck and prosperity are made of fish. Any kind of fish or bird is traditionally served whole for Chinese New Year, including the head and feet.
On New Year’s Eve dinner reunion, 8 courses are usually served because 8 is considered to be a lucky number.
To attract wealth, tangerines and oranges are placed in fruit bowl around the house.
According to the Chinese symbolism, lobsters symbolize dragons, while chickens symbolize phoenixes and together, they symbolize the unity of the family.
In Hong Kong, horse racing is a popular event of New Year’s Day.
Michael Jackson, Hillary Clinton and, Alfred Hitchcock are just a few of the celebrities born in the year of the Pig.
The world record for most text messages sent in a day is broken each year during Chinese New Year.
The cost of celebrating the New Year for 79% of the Chinese residents is greater than one month’s salary.